Teacher-student sex is nothing new, or unusual

A small but “not insignificant” number of teachers in Ontario prey on students for sex. That was the conclusion of retired Ontario Court of Appeal judge Sydney Robins, who produced a nearly 600-page report into the abuse of students by teachers a decade ago. His findings seem forgotten in the breathless rush to report that a female Toronto elementary school teacher, Mary Gowans (inset), has been charged with sexually assaulting a former student.

If Gowans is guilty, she’ll join a long list of female teachers caught having sex with students or seeking sex from vulnerable pupils, like Leanne Carla Hanselman, who had sex with a 17-year-old female student and sometimes had threesomes with the student and her boyfriend. Elizabeth Ann Jeffrey confessed her sexual relationship with a 17-year-old drama student she was tutoring, promising the mother of the student she’d stop it. She didn’t. Erinne Renata Acciaroli, who was a high school teacher charged with helping troubled students, tried to coerce a former student into having sex. She kissed him, then sent notes, gifts, and emails when he rebuffed her. Jennifer Elizabeth Allan was a private school teacher who went after a 16-year-old male student. She served him booze, kissed and cuddled. She was caught when emails were discovered. Tiffany Dawn Angus struck up a sexual relationship with a 16-year-old male student soon after she began her probationary high school teaching job. She bought and drank booze with the boy, kissed and hugged in the school library and had intercourse at his home. Caught by school officials, she refused to end the relationship. Supply teacher Heidi Franziska Coleman had sex with a 13-year-old male student. Annie Mary Markson told a 14-year-old male student she pursued that “the thought of you kissing/talking/breathing with another female except with me drives me crazy.”

There have been significant changes to oversight, investigation, and discipline for teachers since 1997, when an independent professional college was established. It made the discipline process mostly public. Once-secret deals that allowed teachers to shuffle between schools and school districts are a thing of the past. Discipline meted out to teachers caught exploiting or abusing students is now conducted in court-like hearings that are open to the public, with the results published in a college magazine and online.

The Robins report brought much needed attention to a mostly hidden and dramatically underreported issue. But the report didn’t make the problem go away. Talk frankly with female students at any high school and ask them about the “creepshow teachers,” the ones they all know to avoid.

If you’re looking for more research and advocacy around the issue, you’ll have a hard time finding it in Canada. This is a good starting point, a longstanding American organization dedicated to exposing and stopping teacher-student sexual abuse and exploitation.

Here’s my assessment of the Robins report, published a decade ago:

The Kingston Whig-Standard
Saturday, April 8, 2000

By Rob Tripp

Governments, school boards and other agencies must do more to protect students from sexual predators in the ranks of Ontario’s 144,000 teachers, says a retired Ontario judge.
“While the vast majority of educators are highly dedicated and caring individuals who seek to ensure a safe learning environment, there is a small, but not insignificant number of ‘bad apples’ who engage in sexual misconduct with their students,” concludes Mr. Justice Sydney Robins, in a mammoth report on sexual misconduct by Ontario teachers.
Robins’ 568-page report, nine months in the making, was released yesterday at Queen’s Park by Attorney General Jim Flaherty, who said he was “deeply disturbed” by the findings.
“His conclusion is, there’s a significant incidence of this conduct [by teachers] and there are problems of underreporting and the cases we do see are the tip of the iceberg,” Flaherty said at a news conference.
Robins was commissioned last May to study and make recommendations to prevent abuse and exploitation of students.
Robins’ findings echo the conclusions of a three-month probe of sexual misconduct in Ontario schools conducted by The Whig-Standard in 1997.
The newspaper found that school boards and school staff were poorly equipped to stop sexual abuse or respond to allegations against teachers, engaging in many cases in a conspiracy of silence designed to protect the reputations of teachers and institutions.
The case of a Sault Ste. Marie teacher, Kenneth DeLuca, whose abuse of students was concealed for roughly 20 years, was a key factor in the government decision last year to study the problem.
Robins made 101 recommendations aimed at making it easier to expose, prosecute and kick out of the profession teachers who sexually abuse their students.
The report calls for changes to the Criminal Code and a host of provincial laws, including the act that guides the operations of the Ontario College of Teachers. The changes would also close loopholes that allow teachers accused of misconduct to resign and move on to teach in other areas.
Flaherty said the province is moving swiftly on some recommendations, including:
-mandatory criminal background checks for anyone teaching or working in Ontario schools;
-urging prosecutors to make better use of a Criminal Code provision that could keep teachers convicted of sex offences away from children;
-changes to make courts less intimidating to child witnesses.
Flaherty said he has also written to his federal counterpart, Justice Minister Anne McLellan, asking her to implement changes to the Criminal Code.
Queen’s law professor Nick Bala, an expert on issues of child abuse and the law, was consulted by Robins during the preparation of the report.
“I think there’s a lot of really important, positive, constructive things here to better recognize and deal with the sets of issues,” Bala said, after readin
g an executive summary of the report.
Nearly half of the Robins recommendations, 45, are aimed at changes to federal and provincial laws.
“Our evidentiary laws, our procedural laws have often made it very difficult to prove abuse and we need to continue to review and monitor those laws,” he said.
Bala said a key to the success of the proposals is government commitment to provide resources, such as support for abuse victims and ongoing training for new teachers, child protection workers, police and prosecutors.
“Merely changing the law, while certainly important, is not going to solve the problems in our justice system unless we have training, which means resources,” he said.
Bala said he is concerned that the report does not address the lack of training for teachers, as students in faculties of education or during later years, in issues of student sexuality.
“Teachers have to have an understanding of adolescent sexuality,” he said, noting that there have been cases of high school teachers who defended themselves against sexual misconduct allegations by claiming that the student initiated the contact or wanted a sexual relationship.
The Robins report also suggests broadening the definition of sexual misconduct used by the Ontario College of Teachers to “offensive conduct of a sexual nature which may affect the personal integrity or security of any student or the school environment.”
The Ontario Teachers’ Federation, the umbrella group for the province’s teacher unions, pledged to help protect students.
“On behalf of the federation, we will be contacting the Ontario College of Teachers and other educational stakeholders to get started on the work of pursuing these recommendations,” said Barbara Sargent, president of the federation, in a release.

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7 thoughts on “Teacher-student sex is nothing new, or unusual

  1. The Ontario Government and the Catholic Teachers of Ontario are back at it again.

    The Ontario Liberal Government has just announced the appointed of a Catholic Representative on the Ontario College of Teachers. More surprising is the sports connection between the new appointment and the sex offender Rod Palmer who is active in the Ottawa District Minor Hockey Association in Brockville the location where he was charged and convicted for multiple sex offences and is now allowed to be a member of the Teaching Profession by merely paying his Ontario College of Teachers dues.

    (http://www.odharefs.com/pages/contacts/RICCONTACTLIST.pdf)

    Mr. Dallaire the new appointment to the College is a key organizer for the Ontario Federation of Sports Athletic Association and the Catholic Church. It does not look like that sex offenders such as Palmer who was charged with multiple sex offences in Brockville while teaching in a Catholic school will be removed any time soon. The Ontario College of Teachers has routinely allowed multiple sex offenders both male and female to teach in Ontario Schools.
    (http://www.oct.ca/investigations_hearings/decision_summaries/?lang=en-CA)

    The surprising thing about the appointment is that this may be the first teacher appointed to the College of Teachers where previously only non teachers were appointed to the College, teachers were elected. Possibly they are having trouble finding people to sit on the College because many Canadians citizens would find it immoral and repulsive to allow sex offenders to be in the same schools as their victims and their victim’s family.

    While the British Columbia Government has been trying to keep religious groups out of Education in their province, Ontario has stacked teachers and administrators from the Catholic schools who have a clear religious mandate to govern Ontario Schools.

    http://www.pas.gov.on.ca/scripts/en/bios.asp?boardID=125478&persID;=149668
    "DALLAIRE, CLAUDE ANDRÉ
    Claude Dallaire is a secondary school teacher. He earned his Bachelors of Physical Education from the University of Ottawa, his Bachelors of Education from Queen's University and his Masters of Education from Brock University. Mr. Dallaire is a key organizer for the Ontario Federation of Sports Athletic Association gymnastics competition and head coach of the SWC Secondary School and Grimsby Secondary School gymnastics teams. He is a volunteer for the Out Of The Cold program, a team captain for MS Walk and Eucharistic Minister at the St. Denis Parish Church. Mr. Dallaire is a member of the Ontario College of Teachers."

  2. Teacher are talking about teaching social justice. Citizens seem to think education is the answer to so many social concerns. Education seem to be the problem far more then the answer.
    http://canadians4accountability.org/blog/category/jim-black/

  3. http://www.oct.ca/public/
    Sex offenders unit! Your identity is hidden by the Ontario College of Teachers again.

    They have just realeased the new web page claiming "We ensure the people we certify to teach in Ontario's publicly funded elementary and secondary schools are qualified and worthy of the trust placed in them by their colleagues, parents and students."

    No where does it tell parents where the sex offenders and drug abusers teach in Ontario.

    Shame on all of us for allowing this to continue.

    Not surprising it is a Catholic School Board with a big public realtions department and loads of money to manipulate the public that has made this public… Shame on them too.
    http://www.bgcdsb.org/community/ontario_college_of_teachers/

  4. The tradition of coverup coverup coverup seems to continue….
    http://canadians4accountability.org/blog/

  5. Thanks for the thoughtful post.

    Lots of good links there, and you certainly raise some important issues.

    When I investigated teacher-student sex a decade ago, it was clear that the teacher unions wield incredible power and that many school admninistrators try to conceal the problem, rather than address it.

    That is still going on, so the College of Teachers cases are only the ones that make it into the light.

  6. Nothing has changed since Robins. Same -oh – same oh. The Apple doesn't fall far from the tree. The Catholic Teachers of Ontario dominate the Ontario College of Teachers administration by their own admission and in so doing have attacked anyone who is appossed to the policy of allowing sex offenders to teach kids. The last Registrar of the College of Teachers was a previous paid employee of the Catholic Teachers Union before he became the Sr. College Administrator, the current Registrar was a paid Catholic administrator. So much for children or Chritianity! Judge Black, yep he was a judge before he became a Ontario Teacher, was refused legal help from the Catholic Teachers Association. There seems to be some rotting Apples at the Catholic Teachers of Ontario. While he was retired from teaching, for speaking up he was charged for Unprofessional Conduct and fined and suspended a total of $181,000 in total penalty. The College of Teachers ignores their responsibility to protect children. They wait years while their members should have reported the alledged abuse of children. The names Clacher from Peterborough and Schug of Niagara falls are only two such alledged cases. If parents and our society care so little this will go on and go on for ever. The Ontario College of Teachers gets hundreds of complaints a year but only cases that their administrators deam important are worthy of investigation,while school Administrators have been let off the hook for even throwing dog dirt at a child. Dah? While the First Nation Teachers in the Province are paid less then Catholic Teachers who teach French and English we can only ask…has anything realy changed from the residential school days.
    CTV Report
    http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20061101/whistleblower_teachers_061115/20061115/
    Hero or Unprofessional Teacher.
    http://missnixon.wordpress.com/2009/09/26/the-oct-blackballs-jim-black/
    What do woman say?
    http://kiwicommons.com/2009/09/female-sexual-online-predators/
    Romeo Dallaire throws support behind Jim Black and his dispute with the
    College of Teachers
    http://tomorrowstrust.ca/?p=7202
    Jim Black: An Ontario Teacher Punished for Speaking Out Against Child Abuse
    http://www.canadians4accountability.org/cases/cases-e.html#jb

    Why sign anonymous? Guess! We need the Obudsman to have jurisdiction over schools and child care services and we need Whistleblower legislation in the Province of Ontario. Is justice for all to much to ask?

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